You write MapReduce job to process 100 files in HDFS. Your MapReduce algorithm uses TextInputFormat: the mapper applies a regular expression over input values and emits key-values pairs with the key consisting of the matching text, and the value containing the filename and byte offset. Determine the difference between setting the number of reduces to one and settings the number of reducers to zero.

You write MapReduce job to process 100 files in HDFS. Your MapReduce algorithm uses TextInputFormat: the mapper applies a regular expression over input values and emits key-values pairs with the key consisting of the matching text, and the value containing the filename and byte offset. Determine the difference between setting the number of reduces to one and settings the number of reducers to zero.
A . There is no difference in output between the two settings.
B . With zero reducers, no reducer runs and the job throws an exception. With one reducer, instances of matching patterns are stored in a single file on HDF
D . With zero reducers, all instances of matching patterns are gathered together in one file on HDF
E . With one reducer, instances of matching patterns are stored in multiple files on HDF
G . With zero reducers, instances of matching patterns are stored in multiple files on HDF
H . With one reducer, all instances of matching patterns are gathered together in one file on HDF

Answer: D

Explanation:

* It is legal to set the number of reduce-tasks to zero if no reduction is desired.

In this case the outputs of the map-tasks go directly to the FileSystem, into the output path set by setOutputPath(Path). The framework does not sort the map-outputs before writing them out to the FileSystem.

* Often, you may want to process input data using a map function only. To do this, simply set mapreduce.job.reduces to zero. The MapReduce framework will not create any reducer tasks. Rather, the outputs of the mapper tasks will be the final output of the job.

Note:

Reduce

In this phase the reduce(WritableComparable, Iterator, OutputCollector, Reporter) method is called for each <key, (list of values)> pair in the grouped inputs.

The output of the reduce task is typically written to the FileSystem via OutputCollector.collect(WritableComparable, Writable).

Applications can use the Reporter to report progress, set application-level status messages and update Counters, or just indicate that they are alive.

The output of the Reducer is not sorted.

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