A DevOps Engineer manages an application that has a cross-region failover requirement. The application stores its data in an Amazon Aurora on Amazon RDS database in the primary region with a read replica in the secondary region. The application uses Amazon Route 53 to direct customer traffic to the active region.
Which steps should be taken to MINIMIZE downtime if a primary database fails? A . Use Amazon CloudWatch to monitor the status of the RDS instance. In the event of a failure, use a CloudWatch Events rule to send a short message service (SMS) to the Systems Operator using Amazon SNS. Have the Systems Operator redirect traffic to an Amazon S3 static website that displays a downtime message. Promote the RDS read replica to the master. Confirm that the application is working normally, then redirect traffic from the Amazon S3 website to the secondary region.
B. Use RDS Event Notification to publish status updates to an Amazon SNS topic. Use an AWS Lambda function subscribed to the topic to monitor database health. In the event of a failure, the Lambda function promotes the read replica, then updates Route 53 to redirect traffic from the primary region to the secondary region.
C. Set up an Amazon CloudWatch Events rule to periodically invoke an AWS Lambda function that checks the health of the primary database. If a failure is detected, the Lambda function promotes the read replica. Then, update Route 53 to redirect traffic from the primary to the secondary region.
D. Set up Route 53 to balance traffic between both regions equally. Enable the Aurora multi-master option, then set up a Route 53 health check to analyze the health of the databases. Configure Route 53 to automatically direct all traffic to the secondary region when a primary database fails.
A company has deployed several applications globally. Recently, Security Auditors found that few Amazon EC2 instances were launched without Amazon EBS disk encryption. The Auditors have requested a report detailing all EBS volumes that were not encrypted in multiple AWS accounts and regions. They also want to be notified whenever this occurs in future.
How can this be automated with the LEAST amount of operational overhead? A . Create an AWS Lambda function to set up an AWS Config rule on all the target accounts. Use AWS Config aggregators to collect data from multiple accounts and regions. Export the aggregated report to an Amazon S3 bucket and use Amazon SNS to deliver the notifications.
B. Set up AWS CloudTrail to deliver all events to an Amazon S3 bucket in a centralized account. Use the S3 event notification feature to invoke an AWS Lambda function to parse AWS CloudTrail logs whenever logs are delivered to the S3 bucket. Publish the output to
an Amazon SNS topic using the same Lambda function.
C. Create an AWS CloudFormation template that adds an AWS Config managed rule for EBS encryption. Use a CloudFormation stack set to deploy the template across all accounts and regions. Store consolidated evaluation results from config rules in Amazon S3. Send a notification using Amazon SNS when non- compliant resources are detected.
D. Using AWS CLI, run a script periodically that invokes the aws ec2 describe-volumes query with a JMESPATH query filter. Then, write the output to an Amazon S3 bucket. Set up an S3 event notification to send events using Amazon SNS when new data is written to the S3 bucket.
A company is using several AWS CloudFormation templates for deploying infrastructure as code. In most of the deployments, the company uses Amazon EC2
Auto Scaling groups. A DevOps Engineer needs to update the AMIs for the Auto Scaling group in the template if newer AMIs are available.
How can these requirements be met? A . Manage the AMI mappings in the CloudFormation template. Use Amazon CloudWatch Events for detecting new AMIs and updating the mapping in the template. Reference the map in the launch configuration resource block.
B. Use conditions in the AWS CloudFormation template to check if new AMIs are available and return the AMI ID. Reference the returned AMI ID in the launch configuration resource block.
C. Use an AWS Lambda-backed custom resource in the template to fetch the AMI IDs.
Reference the returned AMI ID in the launch configuration resource block.
D. Launch an Amazon EC2 m4.small instance and run a script on it to check for new AMIs. If new AMIs are available, the script should update the launch configuration resource block with the new AMI ID.
A company is testing a web application that runs on Amazon EC2 instances behind an Application Load Balancer. The instances run in an Auto Scaling group across multiple Availability Zones. The company uses a blue/green deployment process with immutable instances when deploying new software.
During testing, users are being automatically logged out of the application at random times. Testers also report that, when a new version of the application is deployed, all users are logged out. The Development team needs a solution to ensure users remain logged in across scaling events and application deployments.
What is the MOST efficient way to ensure users remain logged in? A . Enable smart sessions on the load balancer and modify the application to check for an existing session.
B. Enable session sharing on the load balancer and modify the application to read from the session store.
C. Store user session information in an Amazon S3 bucket and modify the application to read session information from the bucket.
D. Modify the application to store user session information in an Amazon ElastiCache cluser.
A company runs an application with an Amazon EC2 and on-premises configuration. A DevOps engineer needs to standardize patching across both environments. Company policy dictates that patching only happens during non-business hours.
Which combination of actions will meet these requirements? (Select THREE.) A . Add the physical machines into AWS Systems Manager using Systems Manager Hybrid Activations.
B. Attach an IAM role to the EC2 instances, allowing them to be managed by AWS Systems Manager.
C. Create IAM access keys for the on-premises machines to interact with AWS Systems Manager.
D. Execute an AWS Systems Manager Automation document to patch the systems every hour.
E. Use Amazon CloudWatch Events scheduled events to schedule a patch window.
F. Use AWS Systems Manager Maintenance Windows to schedule a patch window.
Which Auto Scaling process would be helpful when testing new instances before sending traffic to them, while still keeping them in your Auto Scaling Group? A . Suspend the process AZ Rebalance
B. Suspend the process Health Check
C. Suspend the process Replace Unhealthy
D. Suspend the process AddToLoadBalancer
If you suspend Ad dTo Load Balancer, Auto Scaling launches the instances but does not add them to the load balancer or target group. If you resume the AddTo Load Balancer process. Auto Scaling resumes adding instances to the load balancer or target group when they are launched. However, Auto Scaling does not add the instances that were launched while this process was suspended. You must register those instances manually.
Option A is invalid because this just balances the number of CC2 instances in the group across the Availability Zones in the region
Option B is invalid because this just checks the health of the instances. Auto Scaling marks an instance as unhealthy if Amazon CC2 or Clastic Load Balancing tells Auto Scaling that the instance is unhealthy.
Option C is invalid because this process just terminates instances that are marked as unhealthy and later creates new instances to replace them.
For more information on process suspension, please refer to the below document link: from AWS
A DevOps Engineer is responsible for the deployment of a PHP application. The Engineer is working in a hybrid deployment, with the application running on both on-premises servers and Amazon EC2 instances. The application needs access to a database containing highly confidential information. Application instances need access to database credentials, which must be encrypted at rest and in transit before reaching the instances.
How should the Engineer automate the deployment process while also meeting the security requirements? A . Use AWS Elastic Beanstalk with a PHP platform configuration to deploy application packages to the instances. Store database credentials on AWS Systems Manager Parameter Store using the Secure String data type. Define an IAM role for Amazon EC2 allowing access, and decrypt only the database credentials. Associate this role to all the instances.
B. Use AWS CodeDeploy to deploy application packages to the instances. Store database credentials on AWS Systems Manager Parameter Store using the Secure String data type. Define an IAM policy for allowing access, and decrypt only the database credentials. Attach the IAM policy to the role associated to the instance profile for CodeDeploy-managed instances, and to the role used for on-premises instances registration on CodeDeploy.
C. Use AWS CodeDeploy to deploy application packages to the instances. Store database credentials on AWS Systems Manager Parameter Store using the Secure String data type. Define an IAM role with an attached policy that allows decryption of the database credentials. Associate this role to all the instances and on-premises servers.
D. Use AWS CodeDeploy to deploy application packages to the instances. Store database credentials in the AppSpec file. Define an IAM policy for allowing access to only the database credentials. Attach the IAM policy to the role associated to the instance profile for CodeDeploy-managed instances and the role used for on-premises instances registration on CodeDeploy
A company uses Amazon S3 to store proprietary information. The development team creates buckets for new projects on a daily basis. The security team wants to ensure that all existing and future buckets have encryption, logging, and versioning enabled. Additionally, no buckets should ever be publicly read or write accessible.
What should a DevOps engineer do to meet these requirements? A . Enable AWS CloudTrail and configure automatic remediation using AWS Lambda.
B. Enable AWS Config rules and configure automatic remediation using AWS Systems
C. Enable AWS Trusted Advisor and configure automatic remediation using Amazon CloudWatch Events.
D. Enable AWS Systems Manager and configure automatic remediation using Systems Manager documents.
A DevOps engineer is tasked with moving a mission-critical business application running in Go to AWS. The development team running this application is understaffed and requires a solution that allows the team to focus on application development. They also want to enable blue/green deployments and perform A/B testing.
Which solution will meet these requirements? A . Deploy the application on an Amazon EC2 instance and create an AMI of this instance. Use this AMI to create an automatic scaling launch configuration that is used in an Auto Scaling group. Use an Elastic Load Balancer to distribute traffic. When changes are made to the application, a new AMI is created and replaces the launch configuration.
B. Use Amazon Lightsail to deploy the application. Store the application in a zipped format in an Amazon S3 bucket Use this zipped version to deploy new versions of the application to Lightsail. Use Lightsail deployment options to manage the deployment.
C. Use AWS CodePipeline with AWS CodeDeploy to deploy the application to a fleet of Amazon EC2 instances. Use an Elastic Load Balancer to distribute the traffic to the EC2 instances. When making changes to the application, upload a new version to CodePipeline and let it deploy the new version.
D. Use AWS Elastic Beanstalk to host the application. Store a zipped version of the application in Amazon S3, and use that location to deploy new versions of the application using Elastic Beanstalk to manage the deployment options.
A company is running an application on Amazon EC2 instances behind an ELB Application Load Balancer. The instances run in an EC2 Auto Scaling group across multiple Availability Zones.
After a recent application update, users are getting HTTP 502 Bad Gateway errors from the application URL. The DevOps Engineer cannot analyze the problem because Auto Scaling is terminating all EC2 instances shortly after launch for being unhealthy.
What steps will allow the DevOps Engineer access to one of the unhealthy instances to troubleshoot the deployed application? A . Create an image from the terminated instance and create a new instance from that image. The Application team can then log into the new instance.
B. As soon as a new instance is created by AutoScaling, put the instance into a Standby state as this will prevent the instance from being terminated.
C. Add a lifecycle hook to your Auto Scaling group to move instances in the Terminating state to the Terminating:Wait state.
D. Edit the Auto Scaling group to enable termination protection as this will protect unhealthy instances from being terminated.